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            自動上料攪拌機運送車頻發交通事端的原因!
            來源:http://www.mag2vow.com/ 日期:2021-06-28
            自動上料攪拌機運送車頻發交通事端的原因主要有:
            The main reasons for frequent traffic accidents are as follows:
            (一)、車輛本身要素
            (1) Elements of the vehicle itself
            1、超載嚴重。現在自動上料攪拌機運送車自動上料攪拌機筒容量一般為 8~12m3,但也有許多大方量的自動上料攪拌機車自動上料攪拌機筒容積可抵達 14~16m3,依照每立方混凝土拌合料的密度為 2400kg/m3來計,10m3的自動上料攪拌機車總重就可以抵達 35 噸左右,更大方量的自動上料攪拌機車其質量更大,這樣一來車的質量太大,在制動時慣性力非常大,制動間隔勢必要添加許多;
            1. Overload is serious. At present, the capacity of automatic feeding mixer truck is generally 8-12m3, but there are also many large volume of automatic feeding mixer, the volume of automatic feeding mixer drum can reach 14-16m3. According to the density of each cubic concrete mixture is 2400kg/m3, the total weight of 10m3 automatic feeding mixer can reach about 35 tons, The mass of the more generous automatic feeding mixer locomotive is larger, so the quality of the vehicle is too large, the inertia force is very large when braking, so many brake interval potentials must be added;
            2、自動上料攪拌機車質心高。路面上的自動上料攪拌機車,車身高度基本上在 3.85 米以上,車身高使得自動上料攪拌機車的整車質心比較高,在行進中容易發作側翻事端;
            2. The mass center of the mixer truck is high. The height of the auto feeding mixer locomotive on the road is basically above 3.85 meters. The height of the vehicle makes the mass center of the automatic feeding mixing locomotive higher, and it is easy to turn over in the course of the road;
            3、視野盲區大。車的駕馭室比較高,其車前保險杠以下、右側車門下方和車尾全為視野盲區,如行人或非機動車行進在該盲區時,自動上料攪拌機車轉彎時很容易發作刮擦事端;
            3. The blind area of vision is large. The control room of the vehicle is relatively high, and the front bumper, the right door and the rear of the vehicle are all blind areas of vision. For example, when pedestrians or non motor vehicles are in the blind area, it is easy to scratch when the automatic feeding mixer turns;
            4、發作傾向力。自動上料攪拌機車在運送途中自動上料攪拌機筒要時間堅持旋轉,導致其質心向滾動方向偏移必定間隔,形成自動上料攪拌機車左右側車輪載荷不同,然后發作傾向力。
            4. Seizure tendency. The automatic feeding mixer drum should be rotated continuously during the transportation, which causes the center of mass to shift to a certain interval, forming the wheel load of the left and right side of the automatic feeding mixer is different, and then the tendency force will occur.
            (二)、駕馭員方面
            (2) . controller
            1、安全意識淡漠。駕馭員安全意識淡漠是形成 交通事端多發的主要原因。有些水泥自動上料攪拌機車司機,因交通法制觀念淡漠,安全意識差,忽視交通安全,導致事端發作;
            1. Lack of safety awareness. The lack of safety awareness of the controller is the main reason for the frequent occurrence of traffic incidents. Some drivers of the locomotive who automatically feed cement and stir, because of the indifferent concept of traffic law and poor safety awareness, neglect traffic safety, which leads to the incident;
            2、經濟利益唆使。自動上料攪拌機車司機的薪酬通常是底薪加提成,提成是按出車次數算的,因而司機為多賺錢而疲憊駕馭、超速、乃至闖信號燈。
            2. Economic interest instigation. The salary of the driver of the automatic feeding and mixing locomotive is usually the base salary plus commission. The Commission is calculated according to the number of departure. Therefore, the driver is tired to drive, overspeed and even run the signal light for more money.
                              中科自上料攪拌機
            (三)、企業方面
            (3) Enterprise
            1、隔日工休準則欠妥
            1. The standard of working rest every other day is not proper
            現在許多水泥出產企業仍選用 24 小時的隔日作業準則,即作業 24 小時后歇息 24 小時。這種作業準則和企業本身運營特色,及水泥資料特色有關。大都水泥自動上料攪拌機站均處在城市市區周邊或城市市郊,許多城市規定在白日制止水泥自動上料攪拌機車在市區路途行進,因而許多工程需要在夜間施工。另外在酷熱夏日,夜間施工也有利于下降水泥的內部水化熱,推遲水泥內部溫峰呈現時間,對水泥裂縫操控有利。但是 24 小時的隔日作業準則,容易呈現司機疲憊駕馭;
            Now many cement manufacturers still choose 24-hour working standard, namely 24 hours after operation, to rest 24 hours. This operation criterion is related to the operation characteristics of the enterprise itself and the characteristics of cement data. Most of the automatic cement feeding mixer stations are located in the urban area or suburb of the city. Many cities stipulate that the automatic cement feeding mixer locomotives should be stopped from moving along the urban road in the daytime, so many projects need to be constructed at night. In addition, in the hot summer, night construction is also conducive to reduce the hydration heat of cement, delay the time of temperature peak in cement, which is beneficial to cement crack control. But the 24-hour every other day operation rule is easy to show the driver fatigue control;
            2、尋求贏利忽視安全
            2. Seeking profit and neglecting safety
            現在許多水泥自動上料攪拌機站為了尋求更大贏利,采納計件薪酬準則,一起自動上料攪拌機站的調度,還常選用衛星導航定位 GPS,對司機進行提示,敦促其趕快抵達施工現場,避免影響水泥功能,其實自動上料攪拌機車裝置 GPS 原意是為了時間監控車的行進車速,而自動上料攪拌機站辦理人員的做法便是辦理上存在了問題;
            Nowadays, in order to seek more profit, many automatic loading mixer stations adopt piecework compensation criteria, and dispatch the automatic feeding mixer station. GPS is often used for navigation and positioning, prompting drivers to arrive at the construction site quickly to avoid affecting cement function. In fact, GPS of automatic feeding mixer locomotive is intended to monitor the vehicle speed, And the way of handling personnel in the automatic feeding mixer station is that there are problems in the handling;
            3、對駕馭員辦理訓練不到位
            3. Training for the controller is not in place
            預拌混凝土職業的快速開展,對混凝土自動上料攪拌機運送車駕馭員需求的很多添加,運送車辦理部門和企業對駕馭員的辦理訓練不到位,并沒有對新招混凝土自動上料攪拌機車駕馭員沒有設置嚴厲的門檻和進行嚴厲的訓練,然后導致駕馭員本質良莠不齊,大部分駕馭員沒有了解其特色就走上了駕馭崗位,還是以駕馭其他車輛的習氣來駕馭混凝土自動上料攪拌機車,這樣大大添加了自動上料攪拌機車發作事端的概率;
            With the rapid development of the premixed concrete profession, many demands for the controller of the automatic concrete feeding mixer are added. The handling department and enterprise of the transport vehicle are not in place for the handling training of the controller, and there is no strict threshold and strict training for the new type of automatic concrete feeding mixer locomotive driver, which leads to the uneven nature of the controller, Most of the drivers did not understand their characteristics and went to the control position, or to control the concrete automatic feeding and mixing locomotive by the habit of other vehicles, which greatly added the probability of the occurrence of the automatic feeding mixer locomotive;
            4、疏于租借車輛辦理
            4. Neglect to rent vehicles
            水泥自動上料攪拌機運送車價格不高,因而許多人選用購買自動上料攪拌機車租借的方法為水泥企業服務。租借的車由車主擔任付出司機薪水,自動上料攪拌機站按每輛車運送的方量與車主結算,其他與自動上料攪拌機站無關,因而這類車輛安全辦理成了辦理縫隙。
            The price of the truck is not high, so many people choose to buy the method of rent for the cement enterprise. The rental car is paid by the owner. The automatic feeding mixer station shall settle with the owner according to the volume delivered by each vehicle, and other vehicles are irrelevant to the automatic feeding mixer station, so the safety handling of such vehicles has become a gap.